山西网 > 新闻 > 正文

2019迪拜拍卖牛宝网络宣传

山西网 2019-08-25 14:27:14

 

2019迪拜拍卖牛宝网络宣传

2019 dubai auction niubao online publicity

 

 

牛黄为常用中药,《神农本草经》列为上品。现商品为天然牛黄。

别名:丑宝。牛宝。

来源:天然牛黄,为偶蹄目牛科动物黄牛的牦牛,水牛等牲畜的胆囊结石(少数为肝胆管中的胆道结石)。

产地:牛在国内外均有饲养,但所产牛黄的质量,有所不同。商品中又分为国产牛黄和进口牛黄两类。

1、国产牛黄(京牛黄):全国各地屠宰场均有生产。

2、进口牛黄。

(1)金山黄:主产于加拿大、芝加哥、阿根廷、乌拉圭等地。

(2)印度黄:主产于印度。

采收加工:全年均可收集,杀牛时取出肝脏,割下胆囊如发现胆囊内有块状物,剪开胆、嘴,将胆汁装入纱布或罗内,下放容器收容胆汁。滤出牛黄后,将附着在牛黄上的皮膜剔除干净,立即放在吸潮纸上,稍晾一段时间,至表面收干不显水湿为度。再用吸潮纸多层轻轻包紧,亦可包扎于棉絮或灯心草中,放于干燥处,使其内在水分逐渐蒸发,直至内外全干。切忌直接暴晒,或在炉火上烘烤,以防造成龟裂现象,使牛黄破碎。在发现胆黄之后应继续检查肝胆管道,有没有生成(管黄)如有,应一并取出,包好阴干,同样作牛黄药用

Bezoar is commonly used traditional Chinese medicine, shen nong Ben cao jing is listed as top grade. The products are divided into two categories: natural bezoar and synthetic bezoar.

 

Alias: ugly treasure.

 

Source: natural bezoar, gallstones of yak, buffalo and other livestock of artiodactyla cattle (a few are biliary stones in the liver duct).

 

Origin: cattle are raised at home and abroad, but the quality of bezoar produced, different. The products are divided into domestic bezoar and imported bezoar.

 

1. Domestic bezoar (Beijing bezoar) : it is produced in slaughterhouses all over the country.

 

2. Imported bezoar.

 

(1) jinshan yellow: mainly produced in Canada, Chicago, Argentina, Uruguay and other places.

 

(2) Indian yellow: mainly produced in India.

 

Collection and processing: all the year round can be collected, kill cattle to take out the liver, cut the gallbladder such as found inside the gallbladder block, cut the gallbladder, mouth, bile into gauze or luo, put the container into bile. After filtering out the bezoar, remove the skin film attached to the bezoar and put it on the moisture absorption paper immediately. Reoccupy moisture absorption paper is multilayer wrap tight gently, yi ke wraps in batt or rush, put in dry place, make its immanent moisture evaporates gradually, till inside and outside completely dry. Avoid direct exposure to the sun by all means, or bake on the fire, in order to prevent cracking phenomenon, make bezoar broken. After discovering bravery yellow, answer to continue to check liver bravery conduit, have generation (tube is yellow) if have, should take out along with all the others, wrap good shade to do, make bezoar officinal likewise

 

性状鉴别

国产牛黄(京牛黄)呈不规则的圆形,三角形,略方形,完整的如豆,如栗,如鸽卵,最大者如鸡鸭卵,不完整的则破裂成片块。表面和内层均为红橙色或棕黄色,深浅不一。表面细腻而略有光泽,个别表面挂有黑色光亮的薄衣,俗称“乌金衣”,有的表皮略粗糙或有龟裂现象。体质松脆,易碎裂。断面呈环形同心层,层层包裹,如树木之年轮,纹理清晰而均匀,偶有白色斑点加杂其中,或偶有白膜状物,附于层层之间。微有清香气,味微苦而回甜,并有清凉感。

京管牛黄:多呈短管状,粗长如小指,管壁厚约1~3毫米,常碎断呈片块。内外均呈棕褐色,深浅不一,较粗糙,有隆起的褐色小疙瘩或龟裂。质亦松脆。断面也显重叠的形成层。但不及胆黄明显,偶有白色斑点及白膜状物,附于管黄之上。气味略与京牛黄相同,但质稍次。

金山牛黄:形状与国产牛黄相似,但色泽不如国产牛黄鲜艳。表面呈棕黄色至焦棕黄色。质地略粗,微有光泽。断面亦略显粗糙,层叠纹理稍厚,亦有白斑,白膜及黑色片块。气味与京牛黄略同,但稍逊于国产。

印度牛黄:形状与国产牛黄相似,唯色泽发呆,呈灰棕黄色或土黄棕色,无光泽或少光泽,麻面或光面。体稍重而较坚结。断面纹理较厚不均,并杂有黑片块及灰白色片。无香凉感并稍带土腥味而苦。

天然牛黄以棕黄色,鲜艳,体轻松酥脆,细腻,气清香,入口有清凉感者为佳。

主要成分:含胆酸、胆红素及其钙盐,又含胆甾醇、麦角甾醇、软脂酸、卵磷脂、维生素D,以及一种分子式相当于C24H11O3N的无色结晶性成分和铜、铁、镁等。

药理作用:开窍化痰、解热镇痉。其原理为:

1、镇静。有效成分为胆酸,能缓和和苯甲酸钠咖啡硷引起大白鼠的惊厥,又能加强巴比妥钠、水合氯醛等对小白鼠的镇静作用。

2、强心。有效成分为胆酸,对心脏有类似洋地黄的作用。

3、造血。能促进家兔红细胞新生,增加红细胞和血红蛋白量。

炮制:生用。

性味:苦,凉。

归经:入心,肝经。

功能:开窍豁痰,息风定惊,清热解毒。

主治:热病神昏,中风痰迷,癫病发狂,惊风抽搐,胎毒,痈肿疔毒,口疮喉肿。

 

Character identification:

 

Domestic bezoar (Beijing bezoar) shows irregular circle, triangle, slightly square, complete such as beans, such as chestnut, such as pigeon egg, the largest such as chicken and duck egg, incomplete is broken into pieces. The surface and inner layer are red orange or brown yellow color, different shades. The surface is exquisite and slightly burnish, individual surface hangs the thin garment that has black brightness, common saying "wu jin garment", some epidermis are slightly coarse or have crack phenomenon. The constitution is brittle and brittle. Section is annular concentric layer, layer wrapped, such as tree rings, texture clear and uniform, there are occasional white spots and mixed, or occasionally white membrane, attached to the layers. Slightly fragrant, slightly bitter and sweet taste, and a cool feeling.

 

Bezoar of Beijing tube: show short tube shape more, be like little finger thick long, tube wall thick about 1 ~ 3 millimeter, often broken show piece piece. Inside and outside all show tan, depth differ, coarser, the brown little a knot in one's heart that has protuberant or crack. It's also crisp. Sections also show overlapping cambium. But not as obvious as bile yellow, occasionally white spots and white membrane, attached to the tube yellow on. The smell is similar to that of bezoar, but the quality is slightly inferior.

 

Jinshan bezoar: its shape is similar to that of domestic bezoar, but its color is not as bright as that of domestic bezoar. The surface is brownish yellow to brown. Slightly coarse texture, slightly shiny. Section also slightly rough, lamination texture slightly thick, also have white spots, white film and black pieces. The smell and Beijing niuhuang slightly with, but slightly inferior to domestic.

 

Indian bezoar: similar in shape to domestic bezoar, but dull in color, grayish-brown or earthy brown, dull or dull, pitted or smooth. The body is slightly heavier and firmer. Section texture is thicker and uneven, and mixed with black and white pieces. No aroma cool feeling and slightly earthy and bitter.

 

Natural bezoar with brown color, bright, the body easily crisp, delicate, gas fragrance, the entrance has a cool sense of the best.

 

Main ingredients: contain cholic acid, biliruxin and its calcium salt, as well as cholesterol, ergosterol, palmitic acid, lecithin, vitamin D, and a colorless crystalline component equivalent to C24H11O3N and copper, iron, magnesium, etc.

 

Pharmacological action: kaiqiao calms phlegm, antipyretic spasmodic. The principle is:

 

1. Calm down. The active ingredient is cholic acid, which can alleviate the convulsion of rats caused by sodium caffeine of benzoate, and strengthen the sedative effect of barbiturate sodium and chloral hydrate on rats.

 

2, strong heart. The active ingredient is cholic acid, which ACTS like digitalis on the heart.

 

3, hematopoietic. Can promote the rabbit red blood cell new birth, increases the red blood cell and the hemoglobin quantity.

 

Processing: raw.

 

Sexual taste: bitter, cool.

 

Channel: into the heart, liver channel.

 

Function: kaiqiaohuo phlegm, wind jing, qingrejiedu.

 

Indications: fever god faint, stroke, phlegm, crazy epilepsy disease, epilepsy, congenital disease, carbuncle swollen furunculosis, canker sore throat is swollen.

①牛黄为珍贵药品,过去曾发现过不少伪品。现将一般区分真假方法叙述如下:

天然牛黄:块状自然、色泽柔和,细腻而有光泽,体质轻、松、脆。断面层纹清晰均匀气香凉,嚼之微苦而后回甜,不粘牙,无牙碜感。沾水涂划指甲上,能将指甲染上黄色,不易擦掉,俗称“透甲或挂甲”(这主要是牛黄所含的色素,是属于动物体形成的色素,分子极细,能渗透于骨甲之中,故不易擦掉)。另外,天然牛黄生成于胆囊胆汁之中,一般遇水不会溶解,投入静水中,可见吸收水分变为潮湿而不变形。入口嚼之可全部溶解而无残渣。

假牛黄:块状不自然,色泽呆板,略粗糙,无光泽,体质较坚硬而沉重。断面层次不明显。无香凉气而苦味重,有粘牙情况牙碜感。蘸水涂指甲上,不能涂黄指甲,属于浮色,一擦就掉。这和加工假牛黄所使用的材料分不开。假牛黄多用大黄粉,黄连粉,姜黄粉为主料取其色味。以牛胆汁或鸡蛋清,蛋黄或皮胶,树胶等为粘合剂,一层药粉,一层胶质或蛋清滚制而成。故其植物色素分子较粗不能渗透于骨甲之内。假牛黄,用胶质及蛋清粘合,故见水后能溶解。其职务的主料遇水膨胀而使假牛黄崩解;但不能全部溶解而有残渣。

②其它动物如驴、马、骡等寿命较长的动物,都有胆石病发生。但在药用习惯上只用牛黄,其它动物的胆黄未见公开使用。今后收购中,应注意区分和研究。

人工合成牛黄

Bezoar is a precious medicine, and many counterfeit products have been found in the past. The general methods for distinguishing true from false are described as follows:

 

Natural bezoar: lumpy nature, soft color, delicate and shiny, light constitution, pine, crisp. Section lamination clear uniform gas cool, chewing slightly bitter back to sweet, non - stick teeth, toothless. It can be painted with water on the nail to make the nail yellow and not easy to erase, commonly known as "penetrating or hanging nail" (this is mainly the pigment contained in bezoar, which belongs to the animal body, and is extremely fine in molecule, which can penetrate into bone nail, so it is not easy to erase). Additional, natural bezoan generation is in gall bladder biliary in, encounter water commonly won't dissolve, throw still water, visible absorb moisture to become moist and not out of shape. Mouth chewing can be completely dissolved without residue.

 

False bezoar: block is not natural, colour and lustre is inflexible, slightly coarse, without luster, constitution is harder and heavy. The level of section is not obvious. No sweet cool and bitter taste heavy, there are sticky teeth teeth teeth. Dip in on fingernail of water besmear, cannot besmear yellow fingernail, belong to float color, brush drop. This has to do with the materials used to make the fake bezoar. False bezoar multi-purpose rhubarb powder, coptis chinensis powder, turmeric powder for the main material to take its color and taste. Cow bile or egg white, egg yolk or skin glue, gum, etc. As adhesive, a layer of powder, a layer of gelatinous or egg white rolled. Therefore, its plant pigment molecules are thick and cannot penetrate into bone nails. False bezoar, glue with colloid and egg white, see water after can dissolve. The main material of its job expands in the presence of water and causes the false bezoar to disintegrate; But not all dissolved and residue.

 

Other animals, such as donkeys, horses, mules and other long-lived animals, have gallstone disease. However, bezoar is used only for medicinal purposes, and bile yellow of other animals has not been used publicly. In the future acquisition, attention should be paid to differentiation and research.

 

Synthetic bezoar

 

 

 

咨询热线:雷经理19991463586