2019 dubai auction niubao online publicity
Bezoar is commonly used traditional Chinese medicine, shen nong Ben cao jing is listed as top grade. The products are divided into two categories: natural bezoar and synthetic bezoar.
Alias: ugly treasure.
Source: natural bezoar, gallstones of yak, buffalo and other livestock of artiodactyla cattle (a few are biliary stones in the liver duct).
Origin: cattle are raised at home and abroad, but the quality of bezoar produced, different. The products are divided into domestic bezoar and imported bezoar.
1. Domestic bezoar (Beijing bezoar) : it is produced in slaughterhouses all over the country.
2. Imported bezoar.
(1) jinshan yellow: mainly produced in Canada, Chicago, Argentina, Uruguay and other places.
(2) Indian yellow: mainly produced in India.
Collection and processing: all the year round can be collected, kill cattle to take out the liver, cut the gallbladder such as found inside the gallbladder block, cut the gallbladder, mouth, bile into gauze or luo, put the container into bile. After filtering out the bezoar, remove the skin film attached to the bezoar and put it on the moisture absorption paper immediately. Reoccupy moisture absorption paper is multilayer wrap tight gently, yi ke wraps in batt or rush, put in dry place, make its immanent moisture evaporates gradually, till inside and outside completely dry. Avoid direct exposure to the sun by all means, or bake on the fire, in order to prevent cracking phenomenon, make bezoar broken. After discovering bravery yellow, answer to continue to check liver bravery conduit, have generation (tube is yellow) if have, should take out along with all the others, wrap good shade to do, make bezoar officinal likewise
Domestic bezoar (Beijing bezoar) shows irregular circle, triangle, slightly square, complete such as beans, such as chestnut, such as pigeon egg, the largest such as chicken and duck egg, incomplete is broken into pieces. The surface and inner layer are red orange or brown yellow color, different shades. The surface is exquisite and slightly burnish, individual surface hangs the thin garment that has black brightness, common saying "wu jin garment", some epidermis are slightly coarse or have crack phenomenon. The constitution is brittle and brittle. Section is annular concentric layer, layer wrapped, such as tree rings, texture clear and uniform, there are occasional white spots and mixed, or occasionally white membrane, attached to the layers. Slightly fragrant, slightly bitter and sweet taste, and a cool feeling.
Bezoar of Beijing tube: show short tube shape more, be like little finger thick long, tube wall thick about 1 ~ 3 millimeter, often broken show piece piece. Inside and outside all show tan, depth differ, coarser, the brown little a knot in one's heart that has protuberant or crack. It's also crisp. Sections also show overlapping cambium. But not as obvious as bile yellow, occasionally white spots and white membrane, attached to the tube yellow on. The smell is similar to that of bezoar, but the quality is slightly inferior.
Jinshan bezoar: its shape is similar to that of domestic bezoar, but its color is not as bright as that of domestic bezoar. The surface is brownish yellow to brown. Slightly coarse texture, slightly shiny. Section also slightly rough, lamination texture slightly thick, also have white spots, white film and black pieces. The smell and Beijing niuhuang slightly with, but slightly inferior to domestic.
Indian bezoar: similar in shape to domestic bezoar, but dull in color, grayish-brown or earthy brown, dull or dull, pitted or smooth. The body is slightly heavier and firmer. Section texture is thicker and uneven, and mixed with black and white pieces. No aroma cool feeling and slightly earthy and bitter.
Natural bezoar with brown color, bright, the body easily crisp, delicate, gas fragrance, the entrance has a cool sense of the best.
Main ingredients: contain cholic acid, biliruxin and its calcium salt, as well as cholesterol, ergosterol, palmitic acid, lecithin, vitamin D, and a colorless crystalline component equivalent to C24H11O3N and copper, iron, magnesium, etc.
Pharmacological action: kaiqiao calms phlegm, antipyretic spasmodic. The principle is:
1. Calm down. The active ingredient is cholic acid, which can alleviate the convulsion of rats caused by sodium caffeine of benzoate, and strengthen the sedative effect of barbiturate sodium and chloral hydrate on rats.
2, strong heart. The active ingredient is cholic acid, which ACTS like digitalis on the heart.
3, hematopoietic. Can promote the rabbit red blood cell new birth, increases the red blood cell and the hemoglobin quantity.
Sexual taste: bitter, cool.
Channel: into the heart, liver channel.
Function: kaiqiaohuo phlegm, wind jing, qingrejiedu.
Indications: fever god faint, stroke, phlegm, crazy epilepsy disease, epilepsy, congenital disease, carbuncle swollen furunculosis, canker sore throat is swollen.
Bezoar is a precious medicine, and many counterfeit products have been found in the past. The general methods for distinguishing true from false are described as follows:
Natural bezoar: lumpy nature, soft color, delicate and shiny, light constitution, pine, crisp. Section lamination clear uniform gas cool, chewing slightly bitter back to sweet, non - stick teeth, toothless. It can be painted with water on the nail to make the nail yellow and not easy to erase, commonly known as "penetrating or hanging nail" (this is mainly the pigment contained in bezoar, which belongs to the animal body, and is extremely fine in molecule, which can penetrate into bone nail, so it is not easy to erase). Additional, natural bezoan generation is in gall bladder biliary in, encounter water commonly won't dissolve, throw still water, visible absorb moisture to become moist and not out of shape. Mouth chewing can be completely dissolved without residue.
False bezoar: block is not natural, colour and lustre is inflexible, slightly coarse, without luster, constitution is harder and heavy. The level of section is not obvious. No sweet cool and bitter taste heavy, there are sticky teeth teeth teeth. Dip in on fingernail of water besmear, cannot besmear yellow fingernail, belong to float color, brush drop. This has to do with the materials used to make the fake bezoar. False bezoar multi-purpose rhubarb powder, coptis chinensis powder, turmeric powder for the main material to take its color and taste. Cow bile or egg white, egg yolk or skin glue, gum, etc. As adhesive, a layer of powder, a layer of gelatinous or egg white rolled. Therefore, its plant pigment molecules are thick and cannot penetrate into bone nails. False bezoar, glue with colloid and egg white, see water after can dissolve. The main material of its job expands in the presence of water and causes the false bezoar to disintegrate; But not all dissolved and residue.
Other animals, such as donkeys, horses, mules and other long-lived animals, have gallstone disease. However, bezoar is used only for medicinal purposes, and bile yellow of other animals has not been used publicly. In the future acquisition, attention should be paid to differentiation and research.